waterworldeden4

Icon

When I respond, or seek responses, I think of the Internet Republic and the people [[whump]] and the places who have made our water world Eden brave and free and fair. Permitted, required, and impossible. Stand alone or stand with, whose choice to what degree [[Thn/]] O[[thn/]]ne water world Eden under "We the people" – created by whom?

Father-like

#563 of 564: William Hale (hinging0) Mon 13 Aug 2012 (06:06 AM)

Korea Policing the Net. Twist? It’s South Korea.
Jean Chung for The International Herald Tribune

Park Kyung-sin, one of the few members of the government’s Internet
regulatory board appointed by opposition parties, says political elites
feel threatened by the openness of the Internet.
By CHOE SANG-HUN
Published: August 12, 2012

Facebook
Twitter
Google+
E-mail
Share
Print
Single Page
Reprints

SEOUL, South Korea — A government critic who called the president a
curse word on his Twitter account found it blocked. An activist whose
Twitter posting likened officials to pirates for approving a
controversial naval base was accused by the navy of criminal
defamation. And a judge who wrote that the president (“His Highness”)
was out to “screw” Internet users who challenged his authority was
fired in what was widely seen as retaliation.
Interactive Feature: How to Get Censored in South Korea

Examples of tweets and other cases that have caused the South Korean
government to crack down.
World Twitter Logo.
Connect With Us on Twitter

Follow @nytimesworld for international breaking news and headlines.

Twitter List: Reporters and Editors

Such a crackdown on Internet freedom would be notable, but perhaps not
surprising, in China, with its army of vigilant online censors. But
the avid policing of social media in these cases took place in South
Korea, a thriving democracy and one of the world’s most wired
societies.

The seeming disconnect is at least partly rooted in South Korea’s
struggle to manage the contradictions in eagerly embracing the Web as
one way to catch up with the world’s top economies, while clinging to a
patriarchal and somewhat puritanical past. In a nation so threatened
by Lady Gaga that it barred fans under age 18 from attending a concert,
the thought of unlimited opportunities for Internet users to swear in
“public,” view illegal pornography and challenge authority has proved
profoundly unsettling.

“Not so long ago, the role of the government and the role of the
establishment, including the press, was sort of the benevolent parent
of the masses,” said Michael Breen, author of “The Koreans: Who They
Are, What They Want, Where Their Future Lies.” “The government always
knew best and the people were kind of stupid. I think still a bit of
that is lingering on.”

Critics of President Lee Myung-bak’s government agree that its
conservative streak is a driver behind the Internet crackdown. But they
argue that prohibitions on profanity and other online activities have
also become a convenient excuse to silence critics. It is not the first
time that the government has been accused of being overzealous; two
former presidential aides and other officials are on trial on charges
of conducting illegal surveillance of citizens.

The whittling away of hard-won freedoms is especially troubling,
activists say, because the social media have become the newest outlets
for rebellion, replacing the street battles of the 1980s that forced
the end of decades of dictatorship.

“New media and social networking services like Twitter have emerged as
new political tools for antigovernment and left-wing people,” said
Chang Yeo-kyung, a free-speech activist. “The government wants to
create a chilling effect to prevent the spread of critical views.”

That accusation has been echoed by some international observers. The
United Nations special rapporteur on freedom of expression was alarmed
enough last year to lecture officials on the necessity for public
scrutiny in a democracy.

And this year, Reporters Without Borders listed South Korea as a
country “under surveillance” in a report titled “Enemies of the
Internet,” putting it in the company of Russia, Egypt and other nations
known for their intolerance of dissent.

The group said South Korea had intensified its longstanding campaign
on material that appears to support North Korea. But the report said
“censorship is also focused on political opinions expressed online — a
critical topic in this election year.”

The government denies trying to stifle criticism and says it opens
most cases after being alerted by citizens, including those who have
deputized themselves as “cybersheriffs.”

In a statement defending its stance, the government said it acted
because “character assassinations and suicides caused by excessive
insults, the spreading of false rumors and defamation have all become
social issues.”

But the Rev. Choi Byoung-sung, a critic of the government’s
environmental policy, argues that free speech is being undermined.

“They are burning down an entire house under the pretext of killing a
few fleas,” said Mr. Choi, who fought the removal of his blog postings
warning of potential health risks from cement containing industrial
waste. (He won.)

volley2.ind 174: ?>*:\ …//2012:07:17:12:02:105*
#564 of 564: William Hale (hinging0) Mon 13 Aug 2012 (06:07 AM)

Korea Policing the Net. Twist? It’s South Korea.
Published: August 12, 2012

Facebook
Twitter
Google+
E-mail
Share
Print
Single Page
Reprints

(Page 2 of 2)

South Korea’s government-supported love affair with the Internet has
paid off: the country has some of the world’s fastest download speeds.
And it is a point of pride that Seoul’s subway riders can surf the
Internet with their smartphones.
Interactive Feature: How to Get Censored in South Korea

Examples of tweets and other cases that have caused the South Korean
government to crack down.
World Twitter Logo.
Connect With Us on Twitter

Follow @nytimesworld for international breaking news and headlines.

Twitter List: Reporters and Editors

But with such obvious advantages for business came the unexpected: an
onslaught of challenges to social mores. The aversion to challenging
superiors had been so deeply ingrained that when South Korean airlines
suffered an unusual number of crashes in the 1990s, investigators often
partly blamed the hesitance of co-pilots to second-guess pilots even
if an error might have been obvious.

The distance and anonymity of Internet communication wiped away many
such fears. Suddenly, people who could not imagine using anything but
polite honorifics to address those above them in the social pecking
order let loose, criticizing leaders in ribald language normally
confined to conversations with friends. The humiliation of those so
boldly criticized, analysts say, is hard to overestimate.

“A tremendous emphasis is placed on the importance of upholding the
public face,” Ms. Chang said.

Park Kyung-sin — one of the few members of the government’s Internet
regulatory board appointed by opposition parties, and an ardent critic
of its policies — says members of the political elite feel especially
threatened because they see themselves as “fatherlike figures.”

========NH:
xref: Super-ego

Filed under: Uncategorized, , , , , ,

One Response

  1. One of the first decisions the board made after Mr. Lee came to power was to “purify the language” used against Mr. Lee because, as one commissioner later said, he should be treated like the father of the state, “an extended form of a family.”

    Such socially conservative arguments had won less traction under Mr. Lee’s predecessor, Roh Moo-hyun, who was more accepting of criticism on the Web, in part because he was determined to abolish what political analysts called an “imperial presidency” and considered Web commentary generally friendlier than that in the conservative mainstream media.

    Under Mr. Lee’s appointees, regulators more than tripled the number of Internet posts removed or blocked, to over 53,000 last year from 15,000 in 2008, for infractions that include posting pornography, using profanity or supporting North Korea.

    Government critics said the heightened surveillance began early in Mr. Lee’s term, after his government accused political enemies of using the Web to organize mass demonstrations in 2008 against a decision to import American beef.

    Prosecutors were accused of reaching back to a dictatorship-era law when they indicted several of those held responsible for spreading “false rumors.” Among those charged: a teenager who sent text messages suggesting that students nationwide cut classes to join the protests. (He was acquitted.)

    That law was ultimately ruled unconstitutional. But activists say the government has plenty of legal tools to fall back on, most notably a defamation law they say stretches the definition of the crime well beyond what would be accepted in other countries.

    “Many criminal defamation suits are filed for statements that are true and are in the public interest,” said Frank La Rue, the United Nations’ special rapporteur, in his report last year.

    For Mr. Park, the censorship board dissident, one of the worst problems is that his commission can act with impunity, often deleting content without notifying the author.

    The board says it is working to become more transparent. But Song Jin-yong, whose account was blocked because he used a pseudonym that translated to “Lee Myung-bak bastard,” said the board was missing the bigger point about democratic rights.

    “The government says I cannot even choose my own Twitter ID,” Mr. Song said recently. “Isn’t it part of my right to bad-mouth the president when I am unhappy with him?”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: